ABULAFIA, SAMUEL HA-LEVI


ABULAFIA, SAMUEL HA-LEVI
ABULAFIA, SAMUEL HA-LEVI (13th century), scientist and engineer employed by King Alfonso X of Castile (1252–84). Abulafia constructed a water clock for Alfonso and translated for him from the Arabic a manual on the manufacture and uses of the candle clock, Fábrica y usos del Relox de la Candela. He also perfected hoisting devices and wrote a treatise about them, still extant in manuscript. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science, 2 (1931), 843; Baer, Spain, index, S.V. Samuel Halevi of Toledo; Millás, in: G.S. Métraux and F. Grouzet, The Evolution of Science (1963), 160–2. (Zvi Avneri)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ABULAFIA, SAMUEL BEN MEIR HA-LEVI — (c. 1320–1361), Spanish financier, communal leader, and philanthropist. Abulafia s generosity provided a number of Jewish communities in Castile with synagogues, including the magnificent one still standing in Toledo (later the Church of El… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel ha-Levi — Samuel ha Levi, juif séfarade de la famille des Abulafia de Tolède, trésorier et almojarife en Castille sous le règne de Pierre le Cruel. Le roi l’autorise à construire une synagogue à Tolède en 1357. En 1360, accusé de détourner des fonds… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IBN ḤASDAI, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI — (early 13th century), translator and Hebrew poet in Barcelona. One of Maimonides staunchest adherents, he corresponded with Judah ibn Alfakhar and Meir ha Levi Abulafia to convince them to retract their opposition to Guide of the Perplexed.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel Halevi Abulafia — Samuel ha Levi Samuel ha Levi, juif séfarade de la famille des Abulafia de Tolède, trésorier et almojarife en Castille sous le règne de Pierre le Cruel. Le roi l’autorise à construire une synagogue à Tolède en 1357. En 1360, accusé de détourner… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abulafia — (12–14th centuries)    Spanish family. The members of the Abulafia family were community leaders, poets, rabbis and Cabbalists in medieval Spain. The most important branch of the family lived in Toledo. Especially significant were the following.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Abulafia (disambiguation) — Abulafia (the Latinized version of the Arabic name أبو العافية, Abu l Afiyya , he. אבולעפיה) can refer to:#Name of a widely scattered Sephardi Jewish family, one of whose branches, for the sake of clearer designation, bore the surname of ha Levi …   Wikipedia

  • ABULAFIA — (Heb. אַבּוּלְעֲפְיָה; Arabic for father of health ; also Abulaffia, Abulefia, Abualefia, Abu Alafia, etc.), widespread and influential family, members of which were rabbis, poets, statesmen, and communal leaders in Spain. After the expulsion of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAKIM, SAMUEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI IBN — (?1480–after 1547), rabbi in egypt and turkey . Samuel came from a distinguished family of Spanish origin which had settled in Egypt. His father, Moses, was a personal friend of the governor of Egypt and, when difficulties arose, intervened on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • POETRY — This article is arranged according to the following outline (for modern poetry, see hebrew literature , Modern; see also prosody ): biblical poetry introduction the search for identifiable indicators of biblical poetry the presence of poetry in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PIYYUT — (Heb. פִּיּוּט; plural: piyyutim; from the Greek ποιητής), a lyrical composition intended to embellish an obligatory prayer or any other religious ceremony, communal or private. In a wider sense, piyyut is the totality of compositions composed in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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